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Biden wants trillions for infrastructure, but a big hurdle will remain: Spending the cash

WASHINGTON — Democrats are fighting to approve trillions of dollars in new spending to tackle everything from education to housing to clean energy, the culmination of years of work by advocates across the progressive movement. But finding the votes in Congress may be the easiest part.

The federal government has struggled in recent history to quickly translate cash from Congress into actual shovels in the ground. And for Democrats, deriving a political benefit would require that voters see and feel the impact before the 2022 midterm elections.

President Joe Biden will have to figure out how to spend the money on time, on budget and with the intended impact. Depending on how that all goes, Biden could end up as the next Franklin D. Roosevelt, lauded for restoring faith in big government programs, or unable to get his ambitious plan off the ground.

“Policy positions don’t win elections, but policy results win re-elections,” Tom Perriello, executive director of the Open Society Foundation in the U.S. and a former Democratic congressman from Virginia, told NBC News. “The American people are asking one question and one question only: Will this work?”

Advocates and outside experts say the Biden administration is well positioned to route money through existing programs, boost state and local governments that have an existing backlog of infrastructure projects, and accelerate clean energy trends that already have momentum in the private sector.

But there are also lots of details to fill in and many potential hurdles to overcome, even if the money is approved.

Plans to boost access to care for seniors and disabled Americans could conflict with plans to raise pay for caregivers. Billions of dollars to update the electric grid could run into objections from local communities who don’t want new power lines crossing their territory. The same “not in my backyard” mentality could also affect investments in affordable housing, which the Biden administration hopes to address with new incentives to change zoning laws.

“There’s definitely people who’ve just been legislators versus governors who think the battle’s over once the president signs the bill, when actually that’s just the beginning,” Sen. Mark Warner, D-Va., a former governor, said. “And we’ve seen, specifically, things like broadband — well-intentioned efforts not really get the expanded coverage that’s needed. So how we put in place some kind of mechanism to measure implementation, I think, would be really important.”

The pressure is already on to manage benefits approved in prior Covid-19 relief bills. There have been delays in getting child tax credits to entitled taxpayers, for example, because the IRS lacks the resources to quickly process them.

Warner said he has been closely tracking implementation of state and local aid to make sure some unusual quirks in Virginia’s local governance structure don’t affect their payouts.

Democrats and allied groups are encouraged by the Biden administration’s experience. The Cabinet is stocked with former mayors and governors who have dealt with these issues firsthand, as well as many veterans of prior administrations like White House chief of staff Ron Klain, who was Biden’s chief of staff when Biden was vice president.

“It’s details where you always find the devil,” said Sen. John Hickenlooper, D-Colo., who served two terms as governor of his state and two terms as the mayor of Denver before being elected to Congress in 2020. “Obviously, with any large investment in infrastructure and a recovery plan, there are going to be places where you encounter the unexpected. And I will say that I’m impressed by the quality of the staff that are working on those issues.”

A cautionary tale is the 2009 stimulus, whose spending initiatives Biden oversaw as vice president. Then-President Barack Obama promoted the bill as being full of “shovel ready” projects that could quickly get people working.

But investments in ambitious initiatives like high-speed rail failed to get past opposition from Republican governors, who killed transportation projects in Florida and New Jersey. Cost overruns derailed projects in Democratic states like California, where a plan to connect San Francisco to Los Angeles is stuck on more modest Central Valley line additions that are still in progress.

Many voters didn’t immediately see or feel the benefits of the legislation, even as supporters now credit the clean-energy incentives with boosting the solar and wind industries and the mix of tax breaks and infrastructure projects with staving off a more severe recession.

The Biden administration has some advantages that Obama didn’t. A big one is time. Obama took over while the recession’s job losses were peaking and legislators were desperate to identify projects that could immediately put people to work. In Biden’s case, the economy is adding jobs, despite a weak report on Friday, and there’s already a $1.9 trillion stimulus law on the books.

“I do think they’ve taken a lot of lessons from Obama,” said Carol Browner, chairwoman of the League of Conservation Voters and a former EPA administrator under Obama. “With Obama, the focus was very much on what we called ‘shovel ready’ projects. If I understand where the administration is, they won’t be limited to shovel ready; they recognize some of these investments take more time.”

The challenges will still be significant.

Browner is concerned about navigating the complexities of the clean energy industry, where every step in the supply chain from mining raw materials to manufacturing could slow its growth if mishandled. But she’s impressed so far with the administration’s foresight.

“They’re not just taking one piece of a puzzle. They’re looking at the whole picture and making sure they’re moving all the pieces together,” she said.

Transportation experts say many of the bill’s goals are likely easier to implement than some of the more ambitious 2009-era efforts like high-speed rail, if not as flashy. While Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg is sharing viral memes about bullet trains connecting major cities across the United States and Amtrak is releasing plans for dozens of new routes, funding in the Biden plan is more likely to go toward shoring up existing lines like on the busy Northeast corridor.

Buttigieg, for his part, has stressed that he’s thinking ahead as to how transportation money would be distributed.

“It’s going to take a lot of work,” he said in interview on Kara Swisher’s New York Times podcast. “I mean, it’s one thing to write the check or sign off on the authorization for spending. It’s another to actually get these things in the ground, to get the broadband out to people, to construct the roads, whatever part we’re talking about.”

Adie Tomer, a fellow at the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program, said that much of the infrastructure funding would most likely go to thousands of small projects at the state and local level, which are often already planned out and easier to get off the ground efficiently than larger ones. Think bridge repairs more than The Big Dig.

“I have very little concern there are enough projects out there,” Tomer said. “The bigger question for me is how do we value return on investment: What are good projects versus questionable projects?”

With lots of individual components come lots of opportunities for things to go wrong, however, and Republicans will watch for waste, fraud and abuse.

In 2012, Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney attacked Obama over a $500 million-plus Department of Energy loan guarantee for Solyndra, a solar company that ended up going bankrupt. “You don’t just pick the winners and losers. You pick the losers,” he memorably said in their first debate.

Less remembered is that one of the other “losers” Romney name-checked in the exchange was an electric car manufacturer named Tesla, a DOE loan recipient that went on to become the seventh-most valuable company in the world.

Now, the company’s success is proof of concept for Biden’s ambitious plan to build thousands of charging stations, and Democrats are hoping they can point to similar impacts when they look back on things in a decade.

With that in mind, some in the administration are trying to manage expectations, especially with potentially tens of billions of dollars going to research projects on advanced technology that may or may not pan out. Even in a best-case scenario, there are going to be duds.

“Sometimes you swing and miss,” Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm told Politico Nightly this month. “And that’s OK.”

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World

Rio drug gun battle leaves 25 dead, police facing global backlash

RIO DE JANEIRO — A bloody, hourslong gun battle in a Rio de Janeiro slum echoed into Friday, with authorities saying the police mission successfully eliminated two dozen criminals, while residents and activists claimed human rights abuses.

It was just after sunrise Thursday when dozens of officers from Rio de Janeiro state’s civil police stormed Jacarezinho, a working-class favela in the city’s northern zone. They were targeting drug traffickers from one of Brazil’s most notorious criminal organizations, Comando Vermelho, and the bodies piled up quickly.

When the fighting stopped, there were 25 dead — one police officer and 24 people described by the police as “criminals.”

Rio’s moniker of “Marvelous City” can often seem a cruel irony in the favelas, given their stark poverty, violent crime and subjugation to drug traffickers or militias. But even here, Thursday’s clash was a jarring anomaly that analysts declared one of the city’s deadliest police operations ever.

The bloodshed also laid bare Brazil’s perennial divide over whether, as a common local saying goes, “a good criminal is a dead criminal.” Fervent law-and-order sentiment fueled the successful presidential run in 2018 by Jair Bolsonaro, a former army captain whose home is in Rio. He drew support from much of society with his calls to diminish legal constraints on officers’ use of lethal force against criminals.

Felipe Curi, a detective in Rio’s civil police, denied there were any executions.

“There were no suspects killed. They were all traffickers or criminals who tried to take the lives of our police officers and there was no other alternative,” he said at a news conference.

Curi said some suspects had sought refuge in residents’ homes, and six of them were arrested. Police also seized 16 pistols, six rifles, a submachine gun, 12 grenades and a shotgun, he said.

Bolsonaro’s political rival, former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, said any operation that produces two dozen deaths doesn’t qualify as public security.

“That is the absence of the government that offers education and jobs, the cause of a great deal of violence,” said da Silva, who is widely expected to mount a challenge to Bolsonaro’s reelection bid next year.

About 50 residents of Jacarezinho poured into a narrow street to follow members of the state legislature’s human rights commission who conducted an inspection following the shootouts. They shouted “Justice!” while clapping their hands. Some raised their right fists into the air.

The Brazilian divisions of international advocacy groups Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International urged public prosecutors to thoroughly investigate the operation.

“Even if the victims were suspected of criminal association, which has not been proven, summary executions of this kind are entirely unjustifiable,” said Jurema Werneck, Amnesty’s executive director in Brazil.

The Rio state prosecutors’ office said in a statement to the newspaper Folha de S.Paulo that it would investigate accusations of violence, adding that the case required a probe that is independent from police.

Brazil’s Supreme Court issued a ruling last year prohibiting police operations in Rio’s favelas during the pandemic unless “absolutely exceptional.”

The order came after police fatally shot a 14-year-old in a home where there was no indication of any illegal activity. The teen’s death sparked a Brazilian iteration of Black Lives Matter protests held across the city’s metropolitan area for weeks.

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Politics

Twitter suspends account that was posting Trump statements

Twitter suspended an account on Thursday that appeared to be circumventing its ban on former President Donald Trump by posting messages he shared on his own website.

The move was more evidence that the social media behemoth will continue to take action to enforce its ban on Trump, which was instituted in his final days in office as he tried to overturn his election defeat.

On Thursday morning, a Twitter accounts with the handle “@DJTDesk” appeared on Twitter. The account’s bio section stated that the handle would be featuring “Posts copied from Save America on behalf of the 45th POTUS; Originally composed via DonaldJTrump/Desk.”

Within hours, the account was suspended.

In a statement to NBC News, a Twitter spokesperson said, “As stated in our ban evasion policy, we’ll take enforcement action on accounts whose apparent intent is to replace or promote content affiliated with a suspended account.”

Jason Miller, a spokesman for Trump, told NBC News the account was not set up by, or with the permission of, anyone affiliated with the former president.

The emergence of the new account came just a day after Trump launched a new platform, called “From the Desk of Donald J. Trump,” that allowed him to post comments, images and videos on his DonaldJTrump.com website, and that allowed people to share that content themselves on social media. The website contains many of the statements the former president has issued via press release in the months since he was banned from Twitter and several other social media sites.

Trump remained active on his new site Thursday morning, posting about “Big Tech.”

Following the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol, Twitter permanently suspended Trump’s account.

Facebook also banned Trump indefinitely after the riot, but on Wednesday the network’s quasi-independent Oversight Board said the company must reassess how long the ban will remain in effect, opening the door to him eventually returning to the platform. Facebook must complete a review of the length of the suspension within six months, the board said.

Published on: May 6, 2021, 11:37 PM +06
By Adam Edelman
Adam Edelman is a political reporter for NBC News.

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World

UW study: True global COVID death toll is more than double the official toll

SEATTLE – The COVID-19 pandemic has killed more than twice as many people around the world as the official death counts show, according to a new analysis by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington.

The official global death toll as of Thursday stands at about 3.26 million, but the new analysis found that COVID-19 has actually caused about 6.9 million deaths worldwide.

“As terrible as the COVID-19 pandemic appears, this analysis shows that the actual toll is significantly worse,” said Dr. Chris Murray, director of the UW institute. “Understanding the true number of COVID-19 deaths not only helps us appreciate the magnitude of this global crisis, but also provides valuable information to policymakers developing response and recovery plans.”

The updated analysis shows that the United States has had more COVID-19 deaths to-date than any other country, a total of more than 905,000.

By region, Latin America and the Caribbean and Central Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia were hardest hit in terms of total deaths. This figure only includes deaths caused directly by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, not deaths caused by the pandemic’s disruption to health care systems and communities, Murray said.

The official death toll undercounts the true toll mostly because many deaths from COVID-19 go unreported. Countries only report deaths that occur in hospitals or in patients with a confirmed infection. In many places, weak health reporting systems and low access to health care magnify this challenge.

The UW institute’s analysis found that the largest number of unreported deaths occurred in countries that have had the largest epidemics to-date. However, some countries with relatively smaller epidemics saw a large increase in the death rate when accounting for unreported deaths. This analysis shows that they may be at greater risk for a wider epidemic than previously thought.

“Many countries have devoted exceptional effort to measuring the pandemic’s toll, but our analysis shows how difficult it is to accurately track a new and rapidly spreading infectious disease,” Murray said. “We hope that today’s report will encourage governments to identify and address gaps in their COVID-19 mortality reporting, so that they can more accurately direct pandemic resources.”

According to the new analysis, the countries with the highest COVID death tolls are the United States, with an estimated 905,289 fatalities; India, with 654,395; Mexico, with 617,127; Brazil, with 595,903; and the Russian Federation, with 593,610.

However, the official death tolls in those countries are significantly lower. In the U.S., the official toll is 574,043; in India, 221,181; in Mexico, 217,694; in Brazil, 408,680; and in the Russian Federation, 109,334.

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World

Gary Vaynerchuk: These three social platforms are a ‘requirement’ for small businesses to succeed

As more of the country gets vaccinated and stores continue to reopen and operate under less Covid restrictions, small business owners are poised to see revenue gains this summer. But amid intensifying competition for consumer dollars, the lion’s share of the spending will go to entrepreneurs who know how to effectively create content on social media, according to serial entrepreneur and media mogul Gary Vaynerchuk. The key to a smart social media advertising strategy, according to Gary Vee, is to think more like a publisher and less like a salesman.

“The reason so many businesses struggle with social media is because they put out content that’s in their best interest, instead of the person on the other side,” Vaynerchuk said at the CNBC Small Business Playbook virtual event on Tuesday. “Try to put out content that educates instead of sells. You start becoming more of a publisher [who’s focused on] editorial, than you do a salesman. That simple rule is probably the best that I’ve seen people use to become successful,” the CEO of VaynerMedia told CNBC’s Seema Mody.

Specifically, he cites Facebook, Instagram and TikTok as a “requirement” for small businesses looking to hedge their advertising spend. “It’s not just about organic, it’s about ads. You’ve got to run media on these three platforms in a demo that comes to your shop or uses your service,” Vaynerchuk said, adding that small businesses should be spending “as much as possible” on those platforms.

“You’ve got to test and learn, test and learn … then you find an ad that works for your business, that’s ROI [return on investment] positive, and you pour lighter fluid on it. It’s like how you get better with your health. You work out and you eat healthy. You eat healthy and you work out. And you do it every day. The formula is simple — the execution is hard.”

Vaynerchuk’s advice comes after a year of small business closures across the U.S. and the world. Even amid improving economic conditions and vaccination rates in the U.S., there has been a continued wave of bankruptcies which in some regions were back near peak levels in early 2021, according to a report from Facebook and the Small Business Roundtable released in April and based on data through February. Still, more small business owners across the U.S. currently describe business conditions as good, according to the second quarter CNBC | Survey Monkey Small Business Survey, which saw confidence among business owners rise slightly.

“Everything in business is hard. It’s hard to find a good campaign, it’s hard to find good employees, it’s hard to do many things,” Vaynerchuk, an early investor in companies like Twitter, Uber, Snap and freshly public crypto exchange Coinbase, said of the current landscape. “But if you put out enough good content, you will attract an audience because the algorithms, or attention, is there for you for free.”

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World

Miami-Dade unveils new program to support, empower small business owners

MIAMI-DADE COUNTY, Fla. – Small businesses in Miami-Dade County received a show of support Wednesday as Mayor Daniella Levine Cava unveiled a brand new program designed to support and empower small business owners.

“We’re really about lifting up our small businesses. This is the backbone of our economy,” she said.

The new initiative called Strive 305 provides more resources for small business owners by creating an environment where they can collaborate and learn.

“We’ve got technical assistance. We’ve got a hub where they can learn new skills, it’s virtual. We’re also having an accelerator for the small businesses to work together,” Levine Cava said.

The mayor made the announcement while attending the grand opening of Perfect Salon Suites at the Mall of Americas.

“As you know, the beauty industry, it got hit really hard during the pandemic,” Perfect Salon Suites co-owner Kemyana Jones-Bey said.

Jones-Bey and fellow co-owner Anne Johnson-Bey say the new program will be very beneficial to businesses like theirs, especially after so many storefronts were forced to close due to the pandemic.

“It absolutely excited me because as small businesses, especially in the beauty industry, we did not necessarily get the same incentives that some others (did). Being salon suite owners, we don’t have a lot of employees,” Johnson-Bey said.

“We know that the covid pandemic has really put a lot of them back, but a lot of them have learned to adapt and part of what we do is help them to retool, re-gear and be ready for the new economy,” the mayor said.

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Climate change will be disastrous even after latest world pledges, report finds

The recent pledges made by world governments to limit carbon emissions will not be sufficient to meet the goal of keeping global temperatures from rising above 1.5 degrees Celsius, a new report concluded. Instead, those nonbinding commitments will result in a rise in the average global temperature to a potentially catastrophic 2.4 degrees Celsius.

The Climate Action Tracker, an independent network of scientists that tracks the commitments made on cutting emissions, released its findings Monday, just weeks after President Biden convened a climate summit with world leaders. The report notes that more robust targets made at the summit “have improved the Climate Action Tracker’s warming estimate by 0.2°C,” but that the net result would still mean the world is poised to blow past the 1.5 degrees Celsius threshold set in 2018 by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

“While all of these developments are welcome, warming based on the targets and pledges, even under the most optimistic assumptions, is still well above the Paris Agreement’s 1.5˚C temperature limit,” the report states.

Despite the initial commitments made by world leaders in the Paris climate accord, temperatures have already risen by more than 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, according to a report released last month by the United Nations World Meteorological Organization, a finding that led U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres to declare, “We are on the verge of the abyss.”

While keeping the average rise of surface temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius is still possible, the Climate Action Tracker said doing so will require a massive, unified effort from world governments that would transform life as we know it.

“Of great concern are the persisting plans of some governments to build new infrastructure not compatible with Paris goals, such as new coal-fired power plants, increasing uptake of natural gas as a source of electricity and that there are large inefficient personal vehicles in some countries,” the report states.

Rising temperatures have already had a profound impact on life on Earth, scientists say, increasing the severity of drought, weather events and wildfire destruction. With climate change continuing apace, the future looks even more bleak. A 2020 study conducted by the University of Arizona, for instance, found that at the current rate of temperature rise, one-third of all plants and animals on the planet will be at risk of mass extinction in the next 50 years.

In its 2018 report, the IPCC warned that global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius would result in drastic sea-level rise, threatening coastlines and island nations, and an increase in the number of deadly heat waves. At 2 degrees of Celsius warming, 99 percent of the world’s coral reefs would die off, an estimated 13 percent of ecosystems on land would be imperiled and an ice-free Arctic would become a reality within two decades.

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News

The global Non-PVC IV Bags Market Size, Industry Report, Forecasts, 2021 – 2028

The global non-PVC IV bags market size was valued at USD 1.51 billion in 2020 and is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.8% from 2021 to 2028. Rising demand for preventive measures for errors, such as improper dose delivery, and augmented demand for advanced IV containers are among the major growth-driving factors of the market. Issues with traditional IV containers include drug-packaging material interactions and difficulties in transporting, handling, and disposing of containers. The majority of these issues can be prevented by using non-PVC IV bags. As a result, demand for the same is predicted to skyrocket during the forecast period.

Furthermore, there is a growing demand in the treatment of oncology processes, mainly for chemotherapy and for targeted drug delivery, as most of these therapeutic agents are prone to interaction with the plasticizers and have a tendency to convert into harmful agents. This discordancy can be minimalized by the use of containers without plasticizers. These bags are made of Polypropylene (PP) and Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate (EVA). Cancer treatment affects the human body by causing physical obstructions, GI dysfunction, and ulcers and deprives the human body of nutrition. Thus, they must be externally injected. The demand for IV bags has risen significantly owing to the increased cases of cancer.

For instance, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the second leading cause of death across the world. It further stated that an estimated 9.6 million deaths, i.e., 1 in 6 deaths, were reported due to cancer in 2018. The American Cancer Society estimated that more than 1.7 million new cancer cases were diagnosed in America in 2019. From the data by Cancer Research U.K., every year 36,7000 new cases of cancer are reported in the U.K. Thus, the increasing prevalence of cancer is the most promising factor for the growth of the IV solutions market.

Several firms are turning to plasticizer-free, biologically inert materials to substitute the use of PVC (polyvinyl chloride). In the past 5 years, B. Braun has spent around USD 500.00 million in developing innovative ways to provide PVC and DEHP-free product lines. The development and availability of modern materials in different designs are expected to boost growth through the replacement of glass and PVC containers. In March 2021, Fagron Sterile Services U.S. (FSS), a 503B outsourcing leader, announced the addition of a new platform – intravenous (IV) bags – to its product portfolio.

The other factors supporting the market growth include the increasing reach of the local manufacturers in the global market, stringent regulations against the usage and disposal of PVC, and healthcare infrastructure development in emerging countries. Moreover, technological advances in service quality and an increased number of hospitals worldwide are few additional factors that drive the market. There have been growing concerns in the medical field of PVC IV bags posing a risk to human health and the environment due to phthalates leaching from equipment.

Furthermore, it results in the production of toxic HCL by disposal of PVC products using the incineration process. This further contributes to acid rainfall. Building IV bags, made of PVC-free material with thermal stability, moisture-barrier properties, and environmentally-friendly disposal are therefore made for companies like Baxter, Hospira, and B. Braun Melsungen AG. Hence, with the adoption of PVC-free IV bags, the healthcare industry can make a significant stride in protecting the health and safety of patients globally.

The single-chamber segment accounted for the largest revenue share of over 63% in 2020. The usage of single-chamber products is increasing constantly as IV bags replace other IV containers. The advent of non-PVC materials has accelerated the replacement of glass containers with plastic bags, owing to benefits, such as the ease of handling, transportation, and disposal. Irrigation fluids, drip bags, and sterile water are also commonly used intravenous solutions. As a result, single-chamber bags are widely used.

The multi-chambered segment is estimated to exhibit the fastest CAGR during the forecast period. Multi-chambered IV bags are preferred for intravenous therapy when a combination of medications must be administered to the patient. Multi-chamber products are manufactured from materials, such as non-PVC film with easy peel-off and fast-seal properties that are widely used in the healthcare industry for any emergency.

Moreover, these products are beneficial in the pharmaceutical industry as they lower the inefficiency of standard IV bags that are commonly used in the market. Furthermore, due to their excellent stability, high-pressure agility, outstanding transparency, toughness, and thermal sealing, as well as the fact that they are reusable, these bags are widely used in pharmaceuticals. Thus, growing product utility in several materials, such as parenteral nutrition and drug reconstitution, along with the availability of customized product offerings are expected to drive the multi-chambered segment growth.

The EVS segment held the largest revenue share of more than 33% in 2020 and is anticipated to witness considerable growth over the forecast period. It is the most widely used PVC alternative. The material is anticipated to be widely used in blood banks and the storage of frozen mixtures. Growing recognition and high demand for blood and blood component storage as a result of an increasing number of blood banks are projected to boost the segment growth over the forecast period.

Moreover, the demand for EVA infusion bags is expected to be driven by increased understanding of parenteral nutrition therapy and the high prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). For instance, according to the CDC, more than 1 in 7, that is 15% of the adult population in the U.S., or 37 million people, are likely to have CKD. Compounding fluids are delivered parenterally using EVA bags. Various medicines are sometimes combined using ingredients or drugs.

For instance, fluid from compounding parenteral nutrition and chemotherapy medications. The copolyester ether segment is projected to exhibit the fastest CAGR during the estimated period. Durability, transparency, chemical resistance, and the ability to withstand a variety of sterilization processes, such as autoclave, radiation, and electron beam, are some of the benefits associated with copolyester ether.

Copolyester ether’s strength is increased by the addition of other materials, such as PP and other polyolefin resins. The development of Ecdel elastomer has proven to be a watershed moment in the evolution of copolyester ether in pharmaceutical packaging. Abbott Laboratories, Sealed Air Corporation, B. Braun Melsungen AG, and Eastman Chemical Company are among the key companies engaged in developing these combinations.

The liquid mixture segment captured the largest revenue share of over 78% in 2020 and will retain the leading position throughout the forecast period. This growth can be credited to the implementation of novel designs and the high use of IV drips in hospitals. In the blood banks, there is an increasing demand for specialized IV containers, which resist low temperatures and offer greater security than PVC.

In addition, major players in the non-PVC IV bags market are concentrating on increasing their production to gain a higher market share. For instance, in November 2019, Grifols initiated the production at its novel blood-collection systems plant in Brazil with a capacity of more than 10 million blood collection bags yearly.

The market share obtained from non-PVC IV bags used for frozen mixes is very low. Bags of PVC tend to explode at low temperatures. However, EVA has been considered to be a successful alternative to the lower temperatures of PVC. Thus, the segment is estimated to register the fastest CAGR from 2021 to 2028. Some examples of frozen mixture include methylprednisolone, cefazolin, ceftriaxone, nafcillin, and nicardipine hydrochloride.

North America captured the largest revenue share of more than 46% in 2020. In the U.S., strict regulations aimed at improving patient safety have increased the demand for non-PVC IV containers, which provide treatments without any harm. Moreover, the demand for IV bags has risen significantly due to the increased prevalence of stomach cancer. For instance, the American Cancer Society estimated that in 2020 there were about 27,600 cases of stomach cancer in the U.S. The patients suffering from stomach cancer are unable to ingest food through the mouth and thus have to entirely rely on total parenteral solutions for dietary needs and survival. This might surge the demand for EVA infusion bags, which, in turn, is expected to boost the regional market. In addition, the rising adoption of novel drug delivery systems and technological innovations are anticipated to push the market growth in this region.

Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest-growing regional market during the forecast period. The advent of local manufacturers that encourage international demand by selling goods at affordable rates, increased foreign direct investment, and rapid improvement in healthcare infrastructure, including a rise in the number of hospitals, clinics, and blood banks, are all factors that are having a significant effect on the industry’s growth.

Key players are involved in adopting strategies, such as mergers & acquisitions, partnerships, and new product launches to strengthen their foothold in the global market. For instance, in July 2019, Baxter received the U.S. FDA approval for Myxredlin, the 1st and only ready-to-use insulin for IV infusion.

Key players are investing heavily in R&D to manufacture technologically advanced products. For instance, in May 2019, Sihuan Pharmaceutical Holdings Group Ltd. launched the “non-PVC solid-liquid double chamber bag for ceftazidime/sodium chloride injection” cooperatively developed by the Group and its associated company Beijing Ruiye Drugs Manufacture Co. Ltd. The National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) of the People’s Republic of China has approved it for drug registration. In China, the Group is the first to obtain certification for a “non-PVC solid-liquid double chamber bag for ceftazidime/sodium chloride injection. Some prominent players in the global non-PVC IV bags market include:

  • RENOLIT
  • Baxter
  • Angiplast Pvt. Ltd.
  • Shanghai Xin Gen Eco-Technologies Co., Ltd.
  • Jiangxi Sanxin Medtec Co., Ltd.
  • PolyCine GmbH
  • Kraton Corp.
  • B. Braun Melsungen AG
  • Pfizer, Inc.

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends in each of the sub-segments from 2016 to 2028. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the global non-PVC IV bags market report on the basis of product, material, content, and region:

  • Product Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2028)
    • Single Chamber
    • Multi Chamber
  • Material Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2028)
    • Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)
    • Polypropylene
    • Copolyester Ether
    • Others
  • Content Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2028)
    • Frozen Mixture
    • Liquid Mixture
  • Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2016 – 2028)
    • North America
      • U.S.
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • U.K.
      • Germany
    • Asia Pacific
      • Japan
      • China
    • Latin America
      • Brazil
      • Mexico
    • MEA
      • South Africa
      • Saudi Arabia

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World

Here’s Why Bill Gates Still Prefers Android Instead of iPhone

When it comes to the great iOS vs. Android debate, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates knows which side he’s on.

According to 9to5Google, Gates shared his preferences in a recently audio-only interview via the Clubhouse app. It may not come as a surprise that he’s firmly team Android.

Doors told writer Andrew Ross Sorkin and Clubhouse fellow benefactor Paul Davidson that, subsequent to announcing he favored Android previously, nothing has changed. While he keeps an iPhone close by in the occasion he needs to utilize it in any capacity whatsoever (like utilizing the iPhone-just Clubhouse), he has an everyday Android gadget.

Clubhouse is an application that allows you to drop in on sound just discussions. The informal organization looks like something of a gigantic arrangement of digital recording like discussions. At this moment, it’s right now welcome just and just iPhone clients can take part.

Entryways favors the more open nature of the Android environment, as it’s more “adaptable” about how programming interfaces with the OS.

“I really utilize an Android telephone,” Gates told Sorkin. “Since I need to monitor everything, I’ll regularly mess with iPhones, however the one I heft around turns out to be Android. A portion of the Android makers pre-introduce Microsoft programming such that makes it simple for me. They’re more adaptable about how the product associates up with the working framework. So that is the thing that I wound up becoming acclimated to. You know, a ton of my companions have ‌iPhone‌, so there’s no immaculateness.”

In 2019, Gates admitted the way he handled Microsoft’s own mobile phone division was his “greatest mistake.” Microsoft ended up letting Google transform Android into the only true rival for iPhone. Microsoft missed out on a $400 billion market at the time, something Gates deeply regrets. In 2017, however, he went ahead and adopted an Android phone.

During the interview, Davidson indicated that an Android version of Clubhouse could be on its way. He called it a “top feature,” which could mean the iPhone Clubhouse could soon dissipate.

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Energy

The Global Nuclear Waste Recycling Market Size, Share & Trends, Segment Forecasts, 2019 To 2025

The global nuclear waste recycling market is anticipated to witness growth over the forecast period. Globally increasing clean energy demand coupled with limited naturally occurring uranium availability is expected to be the key driving factor for market over the next seven years. Constantly growing fuel demand in nuclear power plants specifically in emerging countries like Japan is anticipated to propel market growth over the forecast period. Nuclear waste half-life is the amount of time taken before half of the compound radioactivity has died. Nuclear waste recycling process is anticipated to yield around 90% usable plutonium and uranium which has a long half-life enabling more usable energy for a longer time span. Uranium is reused as new fuel for commercial nuclear power plants while long lived radioactive element such as plutonium finds application as fabricated new fuel for advanced reactors to be developed commercially. Nuclear waste recycling extends available uranium life and is an efficient & effective way in order to reduce the waste amount. National energy security is expected to be a major driver for nuclear waste recycling market growth over the forecast period. This is because recycling used fuel closes the fuel cycle thereby gaining 25% to 30% more energy from original uranium.

Recycling nuclear waste involves extracting usable elements for energy production. The most widely used method for nuclear waste disposal is to bury it deep underground. High level radioactive wastes require deeper depths as they are quite toxic and dangerous. There are various other radioactive nuclear waste disposal methods such as underwater storage and nuclear waste vitrification. The Swedes have a facility in Oskarshamn, storing nuclear radioactive waste for as long as 100,000 years. The U.S. had an ongoing project for years called Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository, in Nevada, which finally got terminated in 2011. The world’s most experienced scientists are working to solve waste problem by recycling nuclear waste. Successful nuclear waste recycling is expected to reduce the radioactive waste generated by nuclear power plants by almost 90%. It is not easy to deal radiation, especially in nuclear waste and maintenance materials. This is expected to hinder global nuclear waste recycling market growth and pose challenges to industry participants over the forecast period. Recycling used fuel avoids natural resources wastage. Uranium and plutonium obtained as a result of recycling nuclear waste help save around 30% uranium otherwise required. Low greenhouse gas emission coupled with readily available technology for recycling is expected to create lucrative opportunities for industry participants over the forecast period.

France gets more than half of its electricity from nuclear power and recycles its used fuels. Other countries utilizing used fuel include the UK, Russia, and Japan. The U.S. currently does not allow nuclear waste recycling owing to nuclear proliferation risk and rising cost at Yucca Mountain for direct disposal. The countries which adapted nuclear waste recycling or reprocessing include Belgium, China, and Switzerland. Countries following direct disposal methods include Canada, Finland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, and the U.S. South Korea and the U.S. are expected to shift from direct disposal to nuclear waste recycling while Germany is taking initiatives to shift from recycling to direct disposal methods.

Different countries have undertaken different initiatives for global nuclear waste recycling process. For instance, Japan has an underground laboratory at Mizunami in granite since 1996, used fuel and HLW storage facility at Rokkasho since 1995, used fuel storage under construction at Mutsu, start up 2013 and NUMO set up 2000 and site selection for deep geological repository underway to 2025, operation from 2035. China has central used fuel storage at LanZhou, repository site selection to be completed by 2020, and underground research laboratory from 2020, disposal from 2050. India has undertaken research on deep geological disposal for HLW.

Key players operating in the global nuclear waste recycling market include Advanced Nuclear Fuels, Nukem Energy GmbH, Nukem Technologies GmbH, GNS GesellschaftfürNuklear-Service, Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited, COVRA, Tekhsnabexport, TVEL and Urenco Group.

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