The global fungicides market size was valued at USD 16.35 billion in 2019 and is anticipated to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.3% from 2020 to 2027. Demand for crop yield is increasing with growing population worldwide. This has led to high demand for multiple crop care chemicals as well as fungicides to reduce crop losses.
Multiple regions are agrarian economies including the majority of Asia Pacific, such as India, Indonesia, South Korea, and Thailand, American countries, such as Mexico, and Central and South America. These countries are widely dependent on their agricultural output as agriculture presents a significant portion of their GDP. For such countries, agricultural produce directly impacts the nation’s economy and therefore the farming committee is constantly made aware of the benefits of using various chemicals and other products to boost crop yield with least possible crop loss.
Fungicides are one of the most commonly utilized pesticides, which kill fungi and their spores, controls blights, rust and mildews or prevents crops against fungal infections, thereby reducing damages. However, since fungicides cannot prevent crop losses against all sorts of diseases, it is critically essential to understand the cause of the disease. For instance, the substance cannot control crop losses caused due to insects and abiotic factors. Therefore, agricultural communities are constantly updating the farming committee about the use of precise chemicals for various pest management measures.
There are multiple types of product that are utilized by the farming communities across the world. These include inorganic products, triazoles and diazoles, benzimidazoles, biofungicides, and dithiocarbamates. Each of these are utilized for various purposes. For instance, benzimidazole is typically applied to vegetables, fruits, cereals, and vines to control basidiomycetes and ascomycetes. Similarly, biofungicides produce several antibiotic substances that compete against fungi, parasites, and other fungi. These substances are also used in the production of greenhouse.
However, the overall industry has a significantly broader application range in multiple crop types, such as fruits and vegetables, cereals and grains, and oilseeds and pulses. The governments, along with other agricultural communities, are working constantly to spread awareness about the importance of using fungicides and other pesticides and allied information matrices, such as amount of usage per crop type, time interval between consecutive dosage, and understanding infection types, to ensure safe farming practices, thereby reaping maximum benefits.
The inorganics segment emerged as the largest product segment with a volume share of 31.8% in 2019. Biofungicides are projected to exhibit the fastest CAGR of 6.7% in terms of volume from 2020 to 2027. Biofungicides are formulated from living organisms that are typically utilized to control bacteria and other plant-pathogen activities. Biofungicides concept is typically observation of natural activities, wherein microorganisms that are isolated from soil usually hinder plant pathogen activities.
However, biofungicides are most commonly utilized in seed treatment or as a preventive treatment in media growth. There are various ways of applying the substance, which include its application as drench post transplanting or incorporating into growing media before planting. Additionally, most of these biofungicides have reentry interval levels between 0 – 4 hours and have a varied shelf life, storage, and handling requirements based on their formulations.
Furthermore, there are multiple fungal infections such as rust and Septoria that occur to cereals and pulses, wherein utilization of fungicides does not aid in containing the crop losses. Triazoles among the azoles group of fungicides hold the ability to fight against such diseases. Farmers, however, do not always have access to different types of these substances and therefore critical awareness of the effectiveness of various substances is considered necessary.
Dithiocarbamates have been significantly in use in tobacco farming to control field disease, such as clue mold as well as seedbed. Ethylenebis-(dithiocarbamates) and N, N-dimethyl dithiocarbamate are the two commonly recognized dithiocarbamates that are used worldwide. Certain countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, India, Greece, Indonesia, Cuba, and Colombia are among the largest consumers of dithiocarbamates for their tobacco farming.
Cereals and grains held the largest share of 65.5% in terms of volume in 2019. In cereals and grains, application of the substance needs utmost understanding of the disease types in order to be fruitful for both the farmers and the overall grains industry. Accurate identification of the crop symptoms enables farmers to apply precise amount of fungicides in order to refrain the spread of pathogens. Grains and cereals need constant monitoring across all seasons and understanding of cultivar resistance is considered to be the best approach towards ceasing fungal infections in grains.
The use of the substance in adequate permissible quantity ensures the protection of plant tissues by controlling growth of pathogens. The two significantly followed methods of application of fungicides to cereals are through direct foliar spray into stems or leaves and by application in furrow. Spraying of the substance during stem elongation is considered to be the most effective method of application. If any pathogens are detected at an early stage, the application of the substance at that initial stage helps to prevent the spread of the disease.
Fruits and vegetables are projected to be the fastest-growing segment with a volume-based CAGR of 4.6% from 2020 to 2027. However, blight is one of the most common fungal disorders, which is observed in fruits and vegetable plantations, especially early blight or Alternaria. Early blight can be detected by observing black spots on the leaves, followed by drying up of leaves and spots on fruits. Furthermore, fungicides are used to prevent mildews, such as downy mildew, and fungal infection, which occurs to vegetable and fruit-bearing plants.
The oilseeds and pulses segment is anticipated to witness substantial growth over the foreseeable future. Pulses such as peas and lentils are significantly important to the farming community, which attracts a lot of attention during the cropping season. There are certain ways to curb the spread of fungal diseases in oilseeds and pulses, which includes an understanding of the crop type and the diseases that these crops are prone to, analyzing the time frame of disease spread, having a holistic view of the canopy, and understanding the size of the plants and subsequent impact time frame of the diseases. Spreading awareness about these aspects has been proven beneficial for farmers globally to utilize fungicides at appropriate time intervals, resulting in the utmost efficiency in crop handling.