The global automotive radiator market is expected to witness brisk growth over the forecast period owing to increasing demand for automotive heat exchangers. Increase in the automobile demand is perceived to play a vital role in shaping the automotive radiator market in the near future.
The stringent rules and regulation along with the rigid emission norms is expected to aid the market over the next seven years. Hybrid vehicles that have been in the market for more than a decade are expected to play a key role in shaping the market in the near future. Hybrid vehicles have witness a rapid rise in demand in the recent past. In addition to normal heat exchangers, hybrid vehicles require additional low temperature heat exchangers for regulated battery cooling. The demand for these additional low-temperature heat exchangers is projected to play a key role in developing the global automotive radiator market over the forecast period.
The purpose of using a radiator is to protect the engines from overheating, which can damage the overall engine. Automotive radiators are heat exchangers that are used for cooling the internal combustion engines. Their major application areas include automobiles, piston-engines aircraft, motorcycles, railway locomotive, and stationary generating plant. The internal combustion engines in the automobile or piston-engine aircraft are cooled by the liquid coolant circulation past the engine block. The heat generated by the engine is thus dissipated by the radiators. Engine coolant used is commonly water-based but can be in the form of oil as well. Usually, water pump is employed to circulate the engine coolant and dissipate engine heat.
Increase in product complexity due to continuous change in the customer requirements and technological advances are presumed to negatively impact market growth. Stringent environmental and regulatory norms imposed on automobiles are projected to hinder market growth and development in the near future. Several issues related to product packaging are anticipated to act as restraints for this industry over the forecast period.
The aircraft market has witnessed continuous expansion in the past and is expected to show similar trends over the forecast period. Over the next seven years. Piston-engine aircraft have liquid-cooled inline engines that require radiators to dissipate heat generated by the engine. Owing to higher airspeed when compared to cars, the engine is cooled more efficiently without the use of large cooling fans. Thus piston-engine aircraft demand is expected to witness a positive trend in the near future, which is presumed to compliment the industry growth.
Recent global economic downturn has had a profound negative impact on automobile sales in the recent past. Such an economic scenario has resulted in dwindling automobile sales across the globe. Such economic downturns are presumed to critically impact the automobile industry over the forecast period which in turn is projected to influence the automotive radiator market in the near future.
Design wise, the market can be segmented into down-flow, multi-pass, and cross-flow. Down flow is a conventional vertical flow design in which the expansion tank is located at the core top and is again connected by a flexible hose to the coolant outlet on the engine. Due to its high profile, these are used majorly for the low profile front vehicle. Cross flow type is the conventional type where the header tank is located on each side and the coolant travels horizontally. The multiple pass type, which passes the coolant more than two times via the core, is used when there is space constraint or if extra cooling is required. This type includes a tank with baffles inside which force the coolant to pass the core multiple times, resulting in higher cooling efficiency.
On the basis of the material used, the automotive radiator industry can be classified as aluminum, copper & brass, and plastic &aluminum. The material is selected as per the requirement or as per the application.
With expanding automobile demand in the developing areas such as Asia Pacific and Central & South America, the industry is expected to witness rapid growth over the forecast period. Developed markets such as North America and Europe are projected to witness moderate demand for automotive radiators owing to factors such as sluggish economy and market saturation. Strict regulatory norms overlooking environmental considerations, particularly in the developed regions, are presumed to positively impact the regional markets.
The automotive radiator industry is highly cost-intensive and requires heavy initial investment. Industry participants are taking strong measures and investing heavily in R&D initiatives to develop superior and efficient products. Prominent industry participants include Behr GmbH & Co.KG., Beijing Automobile Motorcycle Manufacturing Company Of The Joint Radiator Factory, Denso Corporation, Dongfeng Radiator Co., Ltd, Visteon Corp, Delphi Automotive plc, Modine Manufacturing Co., Valeo SA, Calsonic Kansei Corp., Faret International Holdings Limited, Anhui Fengyang Radiator Co., Ltd, Guangdong Faret Auto Radiator Co., Ltd, Keihin Corp., Tianjin Auto radiator Co., Ltd, Shandong Houfeng Group, Sanden Corp. and Yonghong Radiator Company.